Spartans and Perioikoi: The Organization and Ideology of the Lakedaimonian Army in the Fourth Century B.C.E.

Cameron Hawkins


Scattered testimonia and the continuing ideology of  the military value of the Spartan paideia in the fourth century support the view that perioikoi mostly served in contingents of their own rather than the morai, and the Spartan state relied chiefly on the hypomeiones to fill out the dwindling ranks of the proper Spartiatai.

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